Y2K Team:
Organizing Community Resources
by Paul Glover

While it is the responsibility of each household to prepare extra supplies
of food, fuel, lighting, and independent heating, there are millions who
have neither money, homeownership nor understanding to do so.  Thus,
despite our best educational efforts, larger agencies will be relied on to
coordinate emergency supplies.  Without extensive preparation, public
desperation would magnify chaos and disease.

While this writer does not pretend to calculate the extent of Y2K
disturbance, it is apparent that computer malfunction has the capacity to
create national and global havoc beyond the reach of existing emergency
response. Every community could be thrown onto its own resources.  Indeed,
if disruption becomes widespread, even police and national guard might
retreat to protect their own homes.

Thus worst-case Y2K preparation is an essential community-wide
responsibility.  Preparation for Y2K is an essential parental
responsibility, to ensure survival of
children.  And to the extent that we master local management, we reduce
likelihood of federal regulation/confiscation.

To coordinate preparation and response to Y2K problems, we have established
the Ithaca Y2K Team.  We intend to establish a Y2K Center for education and
communication.  We deputize those who attend Y2K Team orientations.  We
provide a credential and handbook.

 The Y2K Team will plan & prepare emergency town meetings.  These meetings
are to be linked by radio.  The Team consists of people with understanding
of food growing, alternate technologies, alternative fuel supply, community
organizing, and those who are generally respected for good judgement,
honesty, and for commitment to the community.

The Y2K Team seeks designation as an Authority of municipal/county
government, within laws of this State, with power to coordinate orderly
implementation of the following plans.  Without this authorization, and in
the event that Y2K becomes a crisis beyond the comprehension of local
government, the Y2K Team will coordinate with police and the public
directly, to meet basic needs.

The following worst-case plans combine preparations during 1999, followed
by emergency responses during 2000.  Responsibilities of Y2K
Team/government (G) are distinguished from those of citizens (P):

Were there serious interruption of basic services, we'd broadcast an appeal
for calm--
"You and your family will live.  We'll all eat; we'll all live.  There is
enough for all."
G * pre-announce local bandwidth for emergency ham radio and/or CB.
Establish local TacticalNet, ResourceNet, CommandNet (ICS).  Connect to
regional Amateur Radio Emergency Service (ARES).
 G * press releases to functioning local TV, radio, newspaper/s, and via
couriers explaining neighborhood survival tasks, or transport to shelters
if needed.
GP * megaphones to rally people to public meetings
GP * stockpile paper for printing newsletter on handcrank/generator printer
(mimeo, ink, etc).
G * distribute cartoon Y2K handbook (in prominent languages of locality)

GP * firewood-- map/inventory local suppliers; stockpile wood in secured
areas at shelters
GP * woodlot marking
G * wood stoves-- inventory local suppliers
P * household generators
GP * windowbox solar heatgrabbers and solar hot water
GP * hydroelectric: low
head-- map/inventory sites
GP * steam engines
G * Andree Petroleum, and Agway (request full supply of gasoline, diesel &
propane by 11/15/99)
G * City gas stations, -- police rationing max 2 gallons per out of county
vehicle, one gallon per local (rationing system by license #)-- priority
for heating/communications generators & snowplows/emergency vehicles
(calculate drawdown for remuneration), water pumping, food processing,
shelter transport
G * to supply shelter generators, siphon local cars, provide receipt (by
license #) of quantity removed
G * Avjet & Avgas requisitions for essential local purposes during
protracted crisis
G * local natgas & drilling/cleaning/storage/distribution equipment--
inventory deposits & obtain equipment
G * landfill gas
G * tap NYSEG lines for local distribution or connect for district heating
to dwellings & greenhouses
* Note that with merger of the largest oil companies, municipalities have
become wholly-dependent subsidiaries of fuel corporations, which can
control government at any level.  Therefore diversification of transport is
necessary to reduce this dependence.  See ITHACA

G* Create inventory of best insulated
group shelters (especially underground).  Install double doors for heat
retention.  Group shelters protect far more people per BTU than individual
G * If heat and/or water services are lost, transfer public to shelters.
Those living beyond reach of water gravity feed have priority for transfer
to shelters.  Assign occupancy by home geographic sector, with exceptions
for those stranded away from home at time of disruption.  Consider
wheelchair access and elevator service.  Keep the healthy and ill
separated.  Provide radio for every 50 persons.  Inventory
bedding/fueling/food storage capacities of the following:
G * colleges-- Cornell has independent electric, heat, & water
filtration/delivery capacity, for perhaps 60 days.  Cornell is spending $80
million for Y2K compliance
G * Red Cross shelters
G * fallout shelters
GP * nursing homes
G * Cellars retain ground heat in winter, reducing fuel use to reach
comfort level.  Maintain CO detection equipment to prevent contamination
from generators or kerosene stoves.
G * fraternities & sororities-- likely to have food stocks
G * schools-- areas with less glazing
G * neighborhood centers
G * hospital and clinics
G * Jails-- Optional conditional release of local nonviolent inmates,
during protracted crisis.  Before release, Y2K Team gives them orientation
and list of shelters, indicating where their family/friends likely housed.
G * Prisons-- very serious preparation needed: begin inmate Y2K orientation now
G * Synchnotron & related underground facilities
G * Churches
G* Armories
G * stockpile insulation: cellulose processing/installation, strawbale
P * list tools people should bring to shelters (labelled for ownership)

Seek to return people to homes as soon as possible
by expanding the following processes:

for drinking, sanitation, washing body, washing clothes
G * Stockpile extra replacement parts for municipal system, in case
suppliers are unable to deliver
GP * Insulate pipes to protect them from freezing
GP *  55/100 gal drums & plastic barrels for rooftop rainfal
l & snowfall collection--- screen for vector control
GP *  hydrogen
peroxide & halizone
P * handpump filters
P * Solar hot water units
GP *  larger freestanding generator-powered filtration units w/chlorine &
GP *  in the event of water supply failure, people may stay in their homes if:
        A.  they install compost toilets (see toilet) and permit them to be
monitored by Master Composters
        B.  they accept visits by volunteer fire inspectors
        C.  they install screened rooftop water catchment systems
G * To the extent that there is water pressure drop or loss of
electric/gas, water pressure priority should be for firefighting, since
increased reliance on backup heaters/lamps increases likelihood of fires.
G * Prohibit dumping of household or commercial chemicals into waterways or
municipal system.  Limit sales.  Collect toxins.
G * map recharge basins for diversion of runoff, in case for drought

GP *  If water supply is extremely low, decision must be made either to
drink water or to excrete into it.   Likewise if sewage treatment plant
fails, it will be necessary to install waterless compost
toilets (which are odorless because they are aerated, converting
excreta into nontoxic garden soil) should be constructed by both homeowners
and shelter managers.  Properly constructed, they
will hold several months' excrement, by venting 95% of content as gas.
Inventory/stockpile toilet construction materials (who sells, disposes,
recycles) cinder blocks & straw bales, 55/100-gal plastic buckets, garbage
cans & metal drums;  interior duct w/holes & borers, vent material
(sheetmetal duct), screening for vector control; compost, mulch (distribute
in advance to neighborhoods), sawdust (local lumber mills); cutting tools.
G * extended use: select spreading fields remote from water
GP * diaper laundering/disinfecting
G * large free-standing water purifier units w/gravity & handpump capability
G * porta-potties would serve only for a few hours

If food supply is a great concern, Y2K manager/s would declare intention to
not eat during the first three days of crisis, to dramatize their
reassurance that, in worst cases, humans live well for weeks with reduced
food.  In fact, after two days without food hunger dissolves, the mind is
G * Market Protection Plan-- regional connections/exchanges/payments
(including barter options)
G * Food pantries serve shelters first if public must move to shelters
P * Private pantries will keep food cool in unheated homes.  Foods which
would spoil if frozen (potatoes, etc) should be brought to shelters & root
cellars.  Other food left behind would be likelier stolen than if brought
to shelters.
G * Ration system (last resort)-- punch tickets issued at neighborhood
centers & shelters.  Extra rations for those doing essential physical
G * Grocery stores invoke maximum purchase per customer/per child whenever
panic buying begins.  Usher customers after purchase to outside, so that
they must return to end of line.
G *  chick incubators: backup fuel & tools for -- weeks to maturity:
compensation to ISA Babcock
G * University and fraternity/sorority inventories may be available since
students will be away during early 2000.
G * CSAs & Farms-- inventory onfarm production & storage capabilities
        credentials for active farmers: supplies of fuel, food, permission
to drive
        tax nullification, moratorium on mortgage payments and foreclosures;
        municipal contracts for 90% of crop, purchase acres of '99 crops
for canning in '00
        Farmer's Markets in enclosed spaces.
G * Build community canneries: NYSAES at Geneva: pilot scale operations:
mcb2, cyl1, mar2 (Andy)
GP * root crops & root
GP * winter harvest: potatoes, carrots, etc. deep mulched to keep in ground
(contact straw & hay providers
GP * greenhousing: winter starts for vegetables and berry bushes
GP * wild foods
(roots, weeds, berries, grains, fruits, nuts): transplants
P * gardeners teach neighbors
GP * rooftop gardens
P * apiaries
GP * aquaculture in greenhouses and shelters
GP * mushrooms: underground temp/humidity/mulch/water need per species
(horse manure & straw substrates)-- inventory suitable underground spaces
and build racks
GP * drums & buckets outdoors to make ice for refrigeration backup
G * fertilizer: inventory cattle barns & horse barns
GP * ice houses
GP * dehydration equipment
GP * storage: ratwire & airtight; stockpile gallon jars
GP * organize hunters for sustainable yield-- prevent total depletion
GP * pet food-- assume meat substitutes for prolonged crisis (cats & dogs
can in fact survive without meat)

G * Priority for blankets, long underwear, gloves for workers & children:
from homes & stores: clothing /department/outdoor/thrift.
GP * bedding from homes to shelters

GP * candles: mirrors enhance luminosity
GP * kerosene lanterns
GP * gaslamps
GP * generators
GP * Savonius Rotors-- fiberglass, steel tubes, brackets, guywires, chimney
GP * hydroelectric: low-heat, run of river
GP * solar photovoltaic

G * snowplowing for emergency transport
G * health emergencies-- urgicare equipment/anaesthetic at shelters
G * drug stores & grocery stores
P * organize herbalists, chiropractors, massage therapists, doctors,
healers, midwives
G * hospital barter system (see outline) for food, fuel, repair, labor
GP * stockpile soap & sponges (for bathing) and disinfectant (hydrogen peroxide)
GP * stockpile bandages, essential medicines (insulin, etc)
GP * condoms & tampons (reuseable sponge)
GP * sedative teas, palliatives & placebos

G * compost food scraps for city/private gardens
GP * build ratproof neighborhood midden enclosures in vacant lots
P * resource separation for later re-manufacture/recycling
G * resource separation bins in neighborhoods

G * Shelter transport plan-- TCAT & School buses take people to Cornell,
(map staging areas, maintain list of who is where).  Permit intershelter
transfer, to re-unite families, friends, neighbors
GP * trucks haul water, firewood & materials
P * bicycles: RIBS (mountain bikes for priority use) & pedal-powered
utility vehicles
P * shopping carts
P * roller blade couriers
GP * skis-- keep pathways unplowed at City intersections and along roadsides
G * one-side street parking
* Announce gasoline rationing program for essential vehicles only--
broadcast policy beyond Tompkins County to encourage detour around this
G * Airport would be closed during first days of 2000, until flights
elsewhere are proven safe (for both passengers & those on ground).
Thereafter, if general crisis is severe yet flight possible, any flights
would be prioritized according to restoration of essential service.
 G * For extreme crisis, install provisional rails along main residential
streets for transfer of supplies via hand cart.  See trolley prospectus

GP * We can assume that the most impoverished neighborhoods, which have
least food/fuel backup (because banks & manufacturers have disinvested),
would send heavily armed hungry people to wealthier areas.  Such gangs
could readily overwhelm most survivalists.  Therefore, the best
peacekeeping efforts are those which establish general security of food,
warmth, family & health.  People who commit nonviolent acts of desperation
will be reoriented by Y2K Teams, then channelled to essential labor rather
than criminalized, if such trust is prudent.  We intend to avoid a police
state mentality.
G * Y2K Teams will protect homes/businesses/persons from assault by locals
and refugees.  Provide badges for those who have been trained.  Begin with
Neighborhood Watch groups.
GP * Priorities to guard are gas stations, food stores, liquor stores,
hardware stores, woodheated homes, woodpiles.
GP * Be especially vigilant starting September 1999, when many people will
have stored cash at home.
G * Provide storage of valuables in each shelter-- locksmith assistance
G * hardware store rationing-- max per purchase-- with priority for Y2K
shelter needs
GP * Y2K road checkpoints will issue driving permits and permit passage of
essential travel-- doctors,
P * Unarmed Y2K patrols-- foot, ski, bike in collaboration with:
G * Armed Y2K Teams supervised by police & neighborhood watch--(people will
have guns, so get them constructively organized right away): recruit
responsible NRA & hunting club members; multiethnic composition to restrain
temptation for racial abuse (such division would make recovery far more
difficult).  Include also unarmed loose-shackled nonviolent inmates from
county jail if jail is out of order.
P * shut down Cornell's experimental nuclear reactor and other
non-essential or potentially hazardous loads
P * Cornell lab animals: feed & heat or adopt/release/kill.  Do not neglect.
G * Request orderly donation/requisition of essential goods/materials for
essential services (list) as an alternative to vandalism/confiscation
* Note that illegal drug supplies would be disrupted by severe cash dollar
shortage.  Be alert to violence accompanying withdrawal symptoms.  Cease
arrests for victimless crimes like marijuana.

Emphasize that we have gained as well as lost, and that this is an adventure.
Create a culture of collaboration & mutual aid by keeping people busy with:
* shelter welcome and orientation
*  food planting, cultivation, processing, storage, cooking & distribution
*  farm/greenhouse labor & tool repair
*  water hauling-- bucket brigades where pumping fails, water rams
* wood harvest & hauling
*  windmill building (Savonius)
*  snow shoveling
*  compost turning
*  midden enclosure building
*  compost toilet building
* master composter inspection of compost toilets
* neighborhood recycling & resource separation bin maintenance
* fire safety inspection & maintenance
*  health care
* massage
* laundering
*  manufacture
*  plumbing
* carpentry
* electric repair
*  communications/deliveries
*  manufacture bike carts
*  manufacture candles
* interment
* teaching children & adults: lessons for shelter management
*  child care
* storytelling & bonfires (to get people outside shelters)
*  talent shows, entertainment/arts (music, dance, Y2K theatre)-- Y2K Festival
*  planning in small groups; neighborhood initiatives welcome; ideas to
larger groups
*  skills roster compilation
* graphic/cartoon depiction of Y2K plans
* and much more
* We might assume that during the worst of this crisis labor would be
extensively voluntary (and provision of necessities unconditional), and
that as the crisis abates special compensation would be provided those
working hardest.  This process presents opportunities for community-based
re-evaluation of relative values of skills, hopefully toward less severe
income disparity than exists and perhaps toward greater respect for manual

Pay with HOURS and/or local (governmental, bank or organizational) scrip
G * Civil service priorities for water treatment, snowplowing, firefighting
P * insulation, food storage, kerosene w/lamps,
G * Offer tax credit scrip and/or Ithaca HOURS for tools and materials:

Our aim would be to guide this crisis to create more direct democracy
beyond Year 2000 than at present.
As distress and panic abate, more authority is transferred to
individuals/neighborhoods directly.  Maintain good communication between
shelters/neighborhoods & Y2K Team/City Hall.
P * shelter governance
G * shelter coordination

G * temporary civic use of institutional property for staging areas and

GP * If there occurs severe disruption in value/availability of dollars,
switch to HOURS.
They're denominated as a stable measure of time, and backed by thousands of
local skills & goods.  A special Year 2000 HOUR note (with distinctive
design) would expire 12/31/00, in order to prevent inflation of regular
P * Convene community congresses to recommend HOUR prices for all
goods/services, though the market will decide.
P * Print personal promissory note forms to facilitate barter.
G * Establish formal barter systems; neighborhood & countywide, then
regional & interregional.  Again, this crisis could be widespread enough
that regions would be less able to rush to aid one another.
G * Compensate owners of real estate and goods for civic uses of land or tools.
* If Y2K problem is smaller than the expense of preparation, then hold
another Y2K Festival to celebrate the Millennium.  Sell there the supplies
(w/Y2K Commemorative labels) as souvenirs.  Preparation for Y2K is a good
investment for related challenges to our communities, like major corporate
layoffs, earthquakes and drought.

Urgent Short List for Government Action:
* inventories as noted above
* establish backup radio coordination
* create transfer-to-shelter plan
* stockpile emergency medical and public health supplies
* memos of understanding with public and private providers of stockpiled
foods/tools, for ongoing access
* map urban spaces for planting of berry bushes and fruit trees during
spring/summer '99.
* create storage spaces for food, canneries and purchase '99 yield of root
* stockpile food www.______________________
* assemble plans & materials for compost toilet construction & distribution

Urgent Short List for Citizen Action:
* Begin Y2K Team training
* create personal/neighborhood resource inventories (tools & skills)
* stockpile backup food, fuel, lighting, clothing, water, wastes management
* plant root crops for winter '99-'00

For general introduction to community Y2K preparation:
Your Community from Y2K Computer Chaos
Cassandra Project

Paul Glover is founder of Ithaca HOURS local currency, founder of the
Ithaca Health Fund, and of Citizen Planners of Los Angeles.  He is author
of Los Angeles: A History of the Future, and of Ithaca Power.  He holds a
degree in City Management, has worked in journalism, advertising and
barnyards.  He has walked across the U.S. entirely on foot, and rides his
bicycle everywhere.

Copyright 1998 by Paul Glover * reprint upon request

Add your comments and suggestions to this Y2K Plan: hours@lightlink.com

                           Paul Glover * Ithaca HOURS

                                (607) 272-4330


                          Box 6578, Ithaca, NY 14851


                 * Making a Community While Making a Living  *